With the introduction of "Janani Express-102" by the State Government, a new feather has been added to the cap of qualitative medical care in the State. Himachal Pradesh is among the few States in the country that has launched Janani Express-102 free drop back facility with the objective to promote free institutional deliveries which would further help in reducing infant mortality rate and maternal mortality rate.
The ambulance facility is being provided to the women and her new born babies to drop them to their homes from hospitals and the service is being made available through toll free number 102. So far, more than 3500 mothers and their new born have been benefitted by under this scheme since its inception around three months back.
The State Government launched this ambitious scheme under Janani-Shishu-Surksha-Karyakram (JSSK) from Shimla on November 15, 2014. The scheme is entirely associated and part of JSSK. It is an initiative under the aegis of National Health Mission, to provide free quality transport services to the expectant mothers. Under JSSK the facility of free institutional delivery with the provision of free drugs, diagnostics, diet is also being ensured besides free transport.
The scheme has resulted in a phenomenal increase in the rate if institutional deliveries in Himachal Pradesh with more than 80 percent deliveries are being done in various health institutions of the State. The efforts are being made to motivate cent percent women for institutional deliveries in hospitals. Prior to this scheme, most women and their families used to prefer for their deliveries at home to evade hospitals expenses, which sometimes put the mother and child's lives at stake in want of emergency medical treatment.
The State Government is providing this facility through 125 ambulances under Janani Express Scheme by providing free drop facility to the women soon after 48 hours of delivery. The facility is also being extended to pregnant women/ infants admitted in any health institution of the State.
Out of total 125 ambulances made operational under the scheme across the State, 6 ambulances have been deployed in district Bilaspur, 11 in Chamba, 9 in Hamirpur, 19 in Kangra, 4 in Kinnaur, 7 in Kullu, 3 in Lahaul-Spiti, 18 in Mandi, 20 in Shimla, 11 in Sirmaur, 10 in Solan and 7 ambulances in Una district. Apart from the district hospitals, these ambulances have also been made available in those health institutions where the demand for the ambulances is on higher side.
The State Government spent Rs. 6.15 crore on purchase of these ambulances which are functional at Public Private Partnership mode which are being operated by GVK-EMRI in the State. The government is spending Rs. 41,000 per ambulance per month.
Apart from it, the State Government is making provision of additional 100 beds for mother and child in Kamla Nehru Hospital, Shimla and Dr. Rajender Prasad Medical College, Tanda at the cost of Rs. 50 crore for each hospital. New Born Care Corners have been set up in 93 delivery centres and 33 neonatal Intensive Care Units (ICU) have also been established in both medical colleges.
Himachal Pradesh has achieved tremendous results in minimizing mother and infant mortality rate as compared to national average, yet there is a scope of more improvement, for which, Janani Express-102 scheme will go a long way in promoting cent percent institutional deliveries besides motivating women for spending initial critical hours in the hospitals.
Information and Public Relations,
Himachal Pradesh, Shimla.